Reserve your Spot - El Yunque National Rainforest Top Tour (Official Park)
Welcome to Puerto Rico, the most exciting Caribbean destination alluring travelers to leave the resort boundaries to experience rich natural wonders, and fun experiences. Vacationers will have many interesting places to visit and fun things to do from relaxing on uncrowded beaches, hiking the enchanting tropical forest of El Yunque, kayaking in bioluminescent bays, visiting UNESCO historic sites to thrilling activities such as ziplining, cave tubbing, rappelling, surfing and more. Whether you’re traveling with children, dreaming of a romantic tropical escape, longing for a fun city weekend trip, or a pampering luxurious vacation, Puerto Rico will not disappoint.
Sit back, relax, and begin your journey… We hope to inspire you to travel more meaningfully for a lifetime of memories.
No passport is required for U.S. citizens to enter Puerto Rico. The official name of Puerto Rico is Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico (Free Commonwealth of the United States), an unincorporated territory of the United States since 1952, those born on the island are U.S. citizens. English and Spanish are both “official” languages of Puerto Rico, and most staff in tourist regions are bilingual. You’ll see the American influences in everyday life around the island, while still maintaining its own culture, language, and traditions.
Puerto Ricans are known to be the happiest people in the world, the festive outlook of life is inspiring to visitors and evident in their hospitality making your stay and excursions extra special. Forget your busy life while in Puerto Rico and get immersed in the vibrant culture and richness of Puerto Rican Island Life.
Introduction to the Island of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico, an island in the Greater Antilles of the Caribbean is 35 miles wide (north-south), and 100 miles long (west-east), just under the size of Connecticut. Puerto Rico is roughly 3,500 square miles and is the largest island of Puerto Rico’s archipelago. San Juan, is the capital city of Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico is located between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. West of Puerto Rico is the neighboring country of the Dominican Republic, the point of Rincon is directly across from Punta Cana. Puerto Rico has 78 municipalities, including the islands of Culebra and Vieques.
Basic Facts about Puerto Rico
- Country Name: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico / Free Commonwealth of the United States
- Aboriginal Name: Borinquen / Boriken
- Airports: There are three international airports: Luis Muñoz Marin International in Carolina (SJU), Rafael Hernandez International Airport in Aguadilla (BQN), and Mercedita International Airport in Ponce (PSE).
- Anthem: La Borinqueña
- Citizenship: United States of America
- Climate of Puerto Rico is Tropical Marine, with balmy and wonderful temperatures between 80 °F (26.7 °C) and 70 °F (21.1 °C).
- Puerto Rico Flag
- Coordinates are 18°15’N, 66°30’W
- Currency: United States Dollar (USD) $
- Driving Side: Right
- Electricity: 110 volts standard just like in the United States
- Emergency Number: Dial 911
- Ethnic composition: The population is 75.8% white, and of Spanish Origin / 12.4% Black / 8.5% is Native Origin
- Gas Stations: Gas sold/measured in Liters
- Gentilic: Puertorriqueños and / or Boricuas (Spanish), Puerto Ricans (English)
- Government: Democracy, Republic
- Land Area: 9,104 sq km (3,515 sq mi)
- Language: Spanish and English are the official languages of Puerto Rico. Most Puerto Ricans working in hospitality in tourist districts speak both English and Spanish, however only about 5% speak English fluently around the island.
- Nationality: Puerto Rican
- Political Status: Unincorporated Territory of the United States – 1952
- Population: 3,221,789 (2022 U.S. Census)
- Road Distances: Measured in Kilometers
- Road Speed: Measured in Miles per Hour
- Time Zone is Atlantic Standard (UTC – 4:00)
Frequently Asked Questions
- Is Puerto Rico part of the United States? – Yes, Puerto Rico is a Free Commonwealth of the United States. Puerto Rico is a territory of the United States like the US Virgin Islands and Guam, among others.
Explore The Hidden Wonders of the Central Mountains
Visitors that venture out of the resort property can testify to the island’s magnificent natural treasures. Puerto Rico offers world-class attractions you won’t find anywhere else such as the enchanting rainforest of El Yunque National Rainforest Head to the karst region to explore the impressive caves, don’t miss The Camuy River Cave Park, and if you crave a more thrilling adventure, book a tour to Cañón de Tanamá to enjoy cave tubbing, rappelling, and more. If you enjoy hiking, there are dozens of nature reserves, lush wildlife refuges, and state forests with hidden treasures and scenic rewards.
Unforgettable Experiences On The Coastline Under the Sun & Bioluminescence under Stars
Puerto Rico is a beach lover’s destination, with hundreds of beaches easily accessible, each possessing its own vibe and unique landscape. This is a Caribbean destination where the best way to enjoy it is by renting a jeep and going beach hopping till sunset. Due to its size, travelers don’t have to drive long distances to explore a list of great beaches. In one week you could visit 20+ beaches at a relaxed pace without spending much of your vacation budget. Choose from secluded and quiet, to Miami Beach style in the city, to world-class surfing beaches with a casual island life vibe. Puerto Rico is home to Flamenco Beach, one of the best beaches in the world. Your most difficult decision will be deciding which beach to visit if you only have a few days, but our beach guide has made that easier for you to plan.
We want to think God took just a bit more time when designing the coastline of Puerto Rico, the many curves that move in, out, and around created hundreds of unique beaches, each with its own seducing shape and feel. On the west coast of Puerto Rico, there are mangrove cays such as Caracoles and Gilligan’s Island, where locals and visitors can enjoy natural pools with crystal clear waters where schools of fish abound, perfect for the little ones to snorkel. On the east coast, book a boat charter or sail away to beautiful cays, and keys, where movies such as Pirates of the Caribbean were filmed, offering visitors the most pristine beaches with dreamy landscapes. Sail away for the ultimate tropical Caribbean pleasures: relax, swim, and snorkel to your heart’s content.
While most Caribbean destinations have nothing going on at night on the waters… locals and visitors get ready for the natural wonder of bioluminescence when the skies go dark. The rare wonder of bioluminescence around the world abounds in Puerto Rico. There are three bright bioluminescent bays and one lagoon, visitors can take a variety of tours by kayak, or boat and in one of them, you’re allowed to swim enhancing the experience.
Puerto Rico offers a plethora of fun things to do for the whole family. Go on a fun off-road adventure, take a romantic horseback ride on secluded beaches, go hiking in scenic trails, have an exhilarating ziplining experience in the rainforest, go rappelling, or cave tubbing. Book a catamaran cruise to Flamenco Beach, go on a romantic sailing adventure to offshore islands and so much more…
On the water, enjoy a variety of activities from total relaxation on serene beaches to exhilarating activities such as riding the waves of Rincon and scuba diving at night. There are many beaches where you can jump in and begin snorkeling over coral reefs and swim with sea turtles.
History buffs will enjoy driving around the island to visit various towns rich in history. In San Juan, the Capital City, visitors can visit Old San Juan, the historic and cultural hub of the island. On the west coast, head to the town of San German, known as the founder of towns, filled with historical and architectural treasures without the crowds of the capital.
Warm Hospitality, Vibrant Culture, Fun Family Events & Happy Vibes
You won’t often see, people as part of the reasons to visit a destination… if read through reviews, you’ll find travelers describing the warmth, friendliness, and humor of Puerto Ricans, enhancing the vacation experience and changing every stereotype you may have heard. Puerto Ricans always make up a reason to gather, laugh, dance… and celebrate life and when trouble comes, we sing our way through challenges. Across the island, every town has many events throughout the year, we invite you to attend cultural events, there’s always good food, live music, artisan stands, and a family-friendly atmosphere. San Juan has the most events year-round.
We invite you to be part of the happiest culture in the world, take a salsa dance class, spend a few days exploring beaches the chilled Boricua way, and live the island life. While you explore, don’t look for fancy top-rated restaurants on your phone, stop by roadside food vendors and local restaurants and bakeries, where you’ll get good food at non-tourist spot prices.
If you love architecture, don’t miss the town of Old San Juan, take a walk on blue cobblestone streets where you can admire five-century-old forts and restored buildings housing museums, restaurants, shops, and romantic hotels. The towns of Ponce, San German, and Mayaguez have many architectural gems, with fewer crowds than San Juan.
A 30-minute flight from the San Juan Airport, you can enjoy some of the most undeveloped beaches in the world. Over the past decade, the sister islands have received much attention and are often featured on “top lists”. The sleepy islands of Vieques & Culebra are some of the last true virgin islands that remain unexploited by tourism and best represent the Caribbean of the past.
Culebra an archipelago of islands, says it all with two words “Flamenco Beach“, one of the most beautiful beaches in the world, a catamaran cruise to the island is one of the top excursions for travelers in Puerto Rico.
Vieques is a destination with a high percentage of return visitors, visitors lucky enough to explore the magic of this island, are truly spoiled for life and end up coming back year after year. There are dozens of beaches open to the public, each one with a unique natural look, unblemished by development. Vieques has bragging rights to Puerto Mosquito, the brightest bioluminescent bay in the world, a natural phenomenon that ought to be on everyone’s bucket list.
Icacos Cay is one of the most popular excursions for tourists… aquamarine water, snorkeling, and families of dolphins that love to play.
The most popular vacation destination on the island is the capital city of San Juan, complete with beaches, historic UNESCO sites, museums, excellent dining options, plenty of fun activities on the water, and a vibrant nightlife. Just 5 minutes from the airport, the district of Isla Verde is a popular vacation spot for its beaches, beachfront resorts, casinos, nightlife, and convenient location to the attractions in San Juan.
Best Resort Destinations
A short drive from San Juan is the resort communities of Rio Grande and Dorado, where you’ll find the best and most luxurious beachfront golf resorts on the island. From there, visitors are near the top tours and attractions of the island.
Best Beach Towns
On the west side of the island, you can experience authentic tourist-friendly towns where the pace is slower, with an abundance of quiet beaches, charming towns, and plenty of interesting sights and places to visit. Rincon and Isabela located on the northwest coast of the island, are popular among locals and travelers in the know for great surfing conditions all year. Isabela is home to the most romantic and best golf resort on the west coast. Rincon has many lodging options from small intimate hotels to vacation rentals just steps from the beach at affordable rates.
If this is your first time in Puerto Rico it may be a bit overwhelming sorting through all the information available and figuring out where to stay, which places to visit, and activities to do. The region guides are meant to make your planning a little easier. Keep in mind that Puerto Rico is small and in just about 2.5 hours you can go from one end of the island to the other.
Traveling to Puerto Rico is just like flying to another state with no passport required for US citizens. With so many daily flights from the U.S., in just a few hours, one can escape the cold and enjoy basking under the warm sun, enjoying a Piña Colada right where it was first created. The island is often described as the easiest and most exciting getaway in the Caribbean. The islands’ unique attractions and warm culture offer travelers extraordinary experiences without all the hassles of traveling to faraway places.
La Borinqueña (The Borinquenian) [ˈla βoɾiŋˈkeɲa] is the national anthem of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Not an official anthem but much beloved song by Puerto Ricans is La Isla Preciosa by Rafael Hernandez.
You’ll find local banks throughout the island with ATM’s that function on U.S networks. The 2 most popular banks are:
- Banco Popular Puerto Rico (aka Banco Popular de Puerto Rico or BPPR)
- Banco Santander Puerto Rico
Capital of Puerto Rico
San Juan is the capital city of Pueto Rico. San Juan is located on the north east of the island.
Cities & Municipalities in Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico is a Commonwealth of the United States (U.S. territory). Puerto Ricans are US Citizens (since 1917!) and US travelers do not need a passport to visit.
Climate, Weather, Temperature
The climate is primarily classified as tropical rainforest. With a comfortable average temperature of about 82 °F (28 °C) throughout the year, it’s always summer in Puerto Rico…making it a great place to visit all year round. The weather does not vary much, but there is a dry and a hurricane season. More about Puerto Rico weather
You will find many pharmacies in all the towns of Puerto Rico, there are many US chains such as CVS and Walgreen’s as well as smaller local pharmacies. If you need a refill in Puerto Rico you will need to have a hand signed prescription.
After World War II, urban manufacturing (aka Operation Bootstrap) replaced the once booming rural agricultural economy which consisted mainly of large amounts of coffee and sugar exports. The two main industries today are manufacturing (textiles, pharmaceuticals, electronics) and services (health, real estate, banking/finance/insurance, and tourism). Sadly, the economy of Puerto Rico has been in a recession for more than a decade as a result of unfortunate U.S. tax and trade policies causing increasing job loss. Puerto Rico filed for bankruptcy protection in 2017 as it could no longer make payments on its public and pension debts exceeding $120 billion. And since Hurricane Maria devastated homes, small businesses, and the infrastructure of the island on September 20, 2017, the near-term economic outlook for the island is more gloomy than ever before. With island unemployment more than double that in the mainland states, at more than 14%, it’s no surprise that 45% of the population lives under the U.S. poverty line. Nevertheless, great hope remains with outside investors and especially for the island’s tourism industry.
If you have an emergency please dial 911 to be connected with the services you require.
- Puerto Rico Police
- City Hall Office (787) 724-7171
Roberto Clemente – baseball star (born in Carolina); Yadier Molina – baseball star (born in Bayamon); Héctor Camacho – boxer (born in Bayamon); Félix Trinidad – boxer (born in Fajardo); Luis Fonsi, Ricky Martin, & Chayanne – singer-songwriters (born in San Juan); Daddy Yankee – rapper/actor (born in Rio Piedras); Benicio Del Toro – actor (born in San German); Roselyn Sánchez – actress (born in San Juan).
Flag of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico’s mainland, the major island named Puerto Rico, is blessed with 3 different distinct regions: La Cordillera Central is the central mountainous region and home to the lush tropical rainforest of El Yunque. Its highest peak, Cerro Punta, reaches 4,390 ft. Second, and loved by locals and visitors, are the coastal regions full of hundreds of beautiful beaches to enjoy. The third is the karst mountain area of the north/northwest which consists of many large round mountains with caves and caverns underneath. Puerto Rico also possesses offshore islands and cays, including Culebra & Vieques.
Puerto Rico is a democracy, a self-governing commonwealth, and an unincorporated territory under the ultimate sovereignty of the United States. Like a U.S. state, the legislature consists of a Governor, a House of Representatives, and a Senate.
The governor is currently Pedro Perluisi (New Progressive Party), the 12th elected governor – elected on November 8, 2016.
Puerto Rico, like the U.S., really only has 2 significant, Primary political parties:
- Partido Nuevo Progresista (PNP) – New Progressive Party – known for being Pro-U.S. statehood
- Partido Popular Democrático (PPD) – Popular Democratic Party – known for keeping “territory” status with more autonomy
Although Puerto Rico is a U.S. Territory/colony, not many people like to reference the island that way. The conflict over the relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States got much more attention after Hurricane Maria. Puerto Ricans have voted to become a state, but it is up to Congress, and for decades Congress has not given the status the attention it deserves. Video that best explains the current status. Official Government Website
Heritage / Race
Puerto Ricans are proudly a mix of three beautiful races and cultures: Spanish, Native Taino and African. Puerto Rico feels very much like a different culture because it has retained it’s traditions. Puerto Ricans consider themselves Americans but if you ask them they will say they’re “Puerto Ricans or Boricuas”. Boricua is a term used to describe a strong sense of pride for being a Puerto Rican. That beautiful mix is evident in Puerto Rican’s music, traditions, food, dance and the arts.
History - Periods & Events
History (major time periods & events):
- Approx. 4,200 B.C. to 250 B.C. – The Puerto Rican islands are inhabited by various migrating indigenous peoples / tribes primarily originating from the Orinoco River Valley region of northeast South America.
- Approx. 250 B.C.. to 1508 – The native Taino culture develops from the Saladoid / Arawak indigenous peoples…grows, flourishes, and controls main island Puerto Rico with chiefdoms until the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors.
- 1493 – Christopher Columbus “discovers” mainland Puerto Rico, names the island “Isla de San Juan Bautista” (Island of St. John the Baptist), and claims the lands for the rulers of Spain – King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella.
- 1508 to 1897 – The Spanish settle & colonize mainland Puerto Rico, repress the Taino natives, then take control and defend the island.
- 1521 – What is now the capital city, San Juan is officially founded. Ponce de Leon names the city “Puerto Rico” (Rich Port). This becomes Puerto Rico’s first “government” settlement. Over time, the main island is called Puerto Rico and the city, San Juan.
- 1897 – Puerto Rico is granted autonomy by the Spanish Crown.
- 1898 – Puerto Rico becomes a U.S. Territory resulting from the Treaty of Paris after the Spanish-American War. The main island is renamed “Porto Rico” and the official currency is changed from the peso to the dollar.
- 1917 – The United States Jones-Shafroth Act grants Puerto Ricans restricted U.S. citizenship (i.e. cannot vote for President).
- 1932 – The name of the island is officially changed back to its original name, “Puerto Rico” by order of the U.S. Congress.
- 1930’s – The Puerto Rican economy is devastated by the Great Depression.
- 1948 – Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first popularly elected governor of Puerto Rico after that right given by the U.S. Congress.
- 1952 – The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is established (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico) through its own Constitution and the Puerto Rican flag is displayed publicly again.
- 2017 – Puerto Rico files for bankruptcy protection. The island is ravaged with the largest natural disaster in U.S. history, Hurricane Maria (est. $100 billion in damages).
Puerto Rico has a long list of holidays observed, and then there are those that are truly celebrated in true festive Puerto Rican style. Puerto Rico observes holidays celebrated in the United States in addition to nine observed Puerto Rican holidays. If you do the math, Puerto Ricans get to enjoy many holidays and as you may heard, they sure know how to party and celebrate, of course, it helps having great weather all year round and gorgeous beaches everywhere. Puerto Ricans were very smart to hold most holidays on a Monday, with so many long weekends, it is no wonder residents love their island, there is always time to enjoy the beach with family and friends. Just like in the US, banks and government agencies are closed during observed holidays.
CALENDAR OF HOLIDAYS IN PUERTO RICO 2023
- January 1: Día de Año Nuevo / New Year’s Day
- January 6: Día de los Tres Reyes Magos / Three King’s Day
- January 14: Conmemoración del Natalicio de Eugenio María de Hostos / Birthday of Eugenio María de Hostos Birthday
- January 18: Conmemoración del Natalicio de Martin Luther King / Birthday of Martin Luther King’s Birthday
- February 14: Día de San Valentin / Valentine’s Day
- February 20: Día de los Presidentes / President’s Day
- March 22: Día de la Abolición de la Esclavitud / Emancipation Day
- April 07: Viernes Santo / Good Friday
- April 09: Día de Resurrección / Easter Day
- April 15: Conmemoración del Natalicio de José de Diego / Birthday of José de Diego
- May 14: Día de las Madres / Mother’s Day
- May 31: Memorial Day
- June 18: Día de los Padres / Father’s Day
- July 4: Día de la Independencia de Estados Unidos / Independence Day
- July 17: Conmemoración del Natalicio de Luis Muñoz Rivera /Birthday of Luis Muñoz Rivera
- July 25: Conmemoración del Estado Libre Asociado (Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) / Puerto Rico’s Constitution Day
- July 27: Conmemoración del Natalicio de José Celso Barbosa /Birthday of José Celso Barbosa
- September 4: Día del Trabajo / Labor Day
- October 12: Dia de la Raza
- November 11: Día del Veterano / Veteran’s Day
- November 19: Día del Descubrimiento de Puerto Rico / Day of The Discovery of Puerto Rico
- November 23: Día de Acción de Gracias / Thanksgiving Day
- December 24: Noche Buena / Christmas Eve
- December 25: Día de Navidad / Christmas Day
- December 31: New Year’s Eve
Spanish & English are the official languages in Puerto Rico. Spanish is preferred but most locals speak English especially in tourist areas.
Puerto Rico is an archipelago part of the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean Region. Puerto Rico is east of the Dominican Republic and west of the Virgin Islands. The north and east shores face the Atlantic Ocean and the southern and west coasts face the Caribbean Sea. The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest and most eastern of all the islands of the Greater Antilles.
Ask any Puerto Rican and they’ll tell “El Coqui”. Coqui is a tiny tree frog that can only be found and melody heard in Puerto Rico. When you visit you’ll heart their melody sound, they love rain and hide in the lush flora of the island.
Money / Currency
The official currency is the US dollar $. When you’re here you’ll hear most locals calling dollars “pesos“.
Municipalities of Puerto Rico
Names Used for Puerto Rico
- Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico is the formal name. (Free Commonwealth of Puerto Rico)
- Borikén – original name of the island given by the Taino natives. Today the name Borinquen is widely used. Puerto Ricans proudly call themselves boricuas which carries pride and love for their island.
- San Juan Bautista – When Christopher Columbus landed in Puerto Rico in 1493, he named the island San Juan Bautista in honor of John the Baptist.
Per the July 1, 2017 Census Bureau estimate – 3,337,177. New estimate – 3.1 million and falling since Hurricane Maria struck on September 20, 2017.
Sales Tax (VAT) Rate
11.5% (10.5% for the state level, and 1% for the municipalities)
Size of the Island
Puerto Rico’s mainland is roughly 35 miles from north to south and 100 miles wide from west to east, making its area about 3,500 square miles. Puerto Rico is comparable to the state of Connecticut and bigger than the states of Delaware and Rhode Island put together. The main island is blessed with an estimated 300 miles of coastline.
Income & Employment Taxes:
- Puerto Rico Commonwealth Tax – 4.0%
- U.S. Federal Income Tax – paid only on income sources from the U.S.
- U.S. Social Security & Medicare Taxes – must pay as in the U.S. (6.2 & 1.45%, respectively, for both employees plus employers).
AST (Atlantic Standard Time)
So, what time is it in Puerto Rico?
- During U.S. daylight savings time (March – November), the time in Puerto Rico is the same as the U.S. Eastern Time zone, i.e. New York.
- Outside of daylight savings months, Puerto Rico is one hour ahead of Eastern Time, two hours ahead of Central, etc.
Electric: Current is 110 volts AC, same as the United States
Drinking “Tap” Water: Puerto Rico Tap Water is mainly “city water” and safe to drink, tastes good, and meets the same requirements set by the EPA for the United States. The Puerto Rico Water Company, Autoridad de Acueductos y Alcantarillados (AAA), uses the latest technology to filter and purify drinking water for residents and tourists throughout Puerto Rico. For water quality information, visit their website at acueductospr.com. As in the U.S., if a business or home uses well water (rural areas only), they are responsible for monitoring its quality and safety.
Fuels: Regular or Premium Unleaded Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, and Propane Gas are available in Puerto Rico
T.V., Internet: Television and Internet access are available via satellite or cable companies as in the United States.
Zip Codes & Area Codes
Puerto Rican Identity FAQ's
Puerto Rico Travel Guide 2023 – Best Things to Do in Puerto Rico & Places to Visit – Most Beautiful Beaches – San Juan Cruise Port – Puerto Rico Airports – Weather – Puerto Rico Map – Puerto Rico Vacation Spots & Destinations – Puerto Rico Snorkeling – Puerto Rico Bioluminescent Bays – El Yunque National Rainforest – Puerto Rico Caves & Caverns – Puerto Rico Zip Lining Tours – Puerto Rico Islands – Icacos Cay – Capital of Puerto Rico
De Rincon hasta Fajardo, Dios te guarde terruñito
De Rincon hasta Fajardo, Dios te guarde mi Puerto Rico